We are in a more restricted time yet again for a few more months. What better time could you wish for to learn Morse? Why should you do it? Well, one good reason is that you are missing out on lots of things:
1 47% of the amateur radio frequencies that are available.
2 A lot of fun which can be had every day.
3 A lot of contests, activity periods, DX-peditions, IOTAs, SOTAs, etc.
You will also be able to listen to the CW end of the band and not hear just a load of interrupted tones at varying speed. You will hear people, even friends, and make new friends. It will all come to life once you have mastered the learning of the code.
But hey, you DO have time now. Stop the frivolous activities, such as watching TV, and join one of the classes locally. You will not regret it if you are interested in global RADIO communications.
We do it, not because it's easy, but because it's hard, but the rewards await you.

Advantages of the Big P word!


This week  sees two new items under this banner, and hopefully this will be something that is updated each week.

Malcolm G3PDH has written a piece to start the ball rolling and it is well worth a read, plus taking some action!  It is appropriate because Malcolm is our only "professional" operator and well-respected tutor from the Executive Club!

Combatting Morse sending errors

Many of the NARC CW operators have now reached a good standard, and receiving speed. Receive speeds usually continue to increase from the early stages through 15, 20 and up to 25 wpm. Thereafter the curve becomes steeper up through 30 wpm and beyond. Therefore progress is slower and hand writing becomes more illegible and copy tends to be a matter of listening and jotting down notes to respond to. A proficient keyboard user may manage to take it down sufficiently but most of us are two finger typists which is limiting. It sometimes seems that the emphasis and criteria is forever increasing receive speed.
However, sending is even more important as that is what the other station, and the world, will hear and judge your CW on. Accuracy, style and rhythm is more important than speed. There is nothing worse than listening to or working a station that is making lots of errors. The tendency is trying to send too fast, which apart from introducing errors tends to become very staccato and hesitant which effectively causes the average speed to be several wpm slower than targeted. This does not sound good and usually results in words being split and longer words being spelt incorrectly. It is better to only move up the speed after reaching a good level of competence and error free sending at a lower speed.
The objective is to emulate an automatic style of transmission which you would have heard from commercial stations but now more likely from a Morse tutor device when sending with zero Farnsworth settings. Listen to the flow of such Morse carefully and then try to emulate it. Take a book, or newspaper and try to send a passage in the same style and to get as far as you can without any errors. Gradually try to progress further each time until hopefully you can get right through without any errors. It is also important not to continually change your paddle key. Once you have reached a good standard and understand what you ideally demand from a paddle then stick with that key and hone its settings to your preferences.
The choice of single or twin paddle as well as mechanical springs or magnets is an important issue at this point and very much a personal choice. Some people like very small, almost non existent, gaps where others may like to feel some paddle motion and the spring tension will also impact the smoothness of sending. The ability of the key to hold its settings is also important. Therefore it is probably better to select your ultimate higher speed key after reaching a competent 20+wpm as ‘super paddles’ do not come cheap and the right decision needs to be made for the longer term.

The ultimate goal in quality of sending is to cause the station that you are working to wonder whether you are sending manually or from a keyboard. On that particular point it can sometimes be difficult to decide which they are using but generally a keyboard can sound just too perfect and you will find that when making a typo they do not correct it. Also, they tend to use less abbreviations and spell words out in full. It takes a good operator to disguise the fact that they are using a keyboard by making the CW more in the style of well sent manual keying!

Like with receiving there are no shortcuts to perfecting your sending other than Practice!


Malcolm G3PDH


The second will be a weekly updated table of YOUR efforts at RUFZxP. This was suggested by Ray G3XLG and the idea has caught on. It is not judgemental and is only a bit of fun. It really is just another means of persuading you to do some more Big P.  The table will be updated each week by Jim G3YLA so please do take part.  All we need is your honesty, so send your score in WPM to Jim at  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  Make sure that it arrives with Jim by Thursday tea-time at the latest. Many thanks to those who took part this week and hopefully we will be adding to it each week. So, here is the first table:


Screenshot 2021 04 01 at 19.06.50

Why not have a go yourself? RUFZxP is easy to download and set up and makes very good receive practice too. When you think you are ready, just send your result to Jim and he will add you to the table.


CW 80m Net
Norfolk Amateur Radio Club CW Net.
This is an informal net, to enable people to become familiar with operating in a net, netting properly and being short and to the point overs.
NARC Net: 3545kHz plus or minus QRM.
The Net Controller, normally Malcolm G3PDH, will call CQ at 8.30 p.m. local time on Monday evenings. Call with just your call sign once until he acknowledges you.
1 Keep a note of the order. This will be sent.
2 Net on to the Net Controller to the nearest Hz if you can.
3 Keep overs short with brief comments, no waffling, and pass transmission to the next on the list.
4 There is a 2m discussion after the Net on 145.250MHz
Six took part this week in the SK night. They were, G3PDH, G3LDI, G3WRJ, G4CCX, G3YLA and G0DFC. It was very well organised with short overs and netting was very good too. There was also a little DQRM, which everyone ignored and that soon stopped. In the discussion on 250 afterwards it was mentioned that net control will be shifted around the group soon. Do keep an eye on this so that you will know when it's your turn as Net Controller.


Morse Classes for winter 2020 are going well.
Report from G3LDI, the Bad Cop, on the Monday Headcopy session. 145.250MHz 1000 local time.

bad cop
This week, Phil G4LPP, Chris G4CCX and Les G0DFC were on. This week we practised with cut numbers mixed in with the normal numbers again, the new dotty selection using E I and S a lot more and QSO format. I also challenged them with straight numbers, finishing at 50wpm. This is, of course, only groups with five numbers in them. Even so, it a very daunting at 50wpm but they all coped with the challenges very well indeed!


Join in and see how well you can do. We have a lot of fun and laughs on there, especially with the EISH5 groups!
You will be most welcome. It's rapid fire stuff to keep you mentally alert!
73 de Roger, G3LDI

Report from Jim, the Good Cop, on his 25wpm session. GB3NB repeater 2000 local time Tuesdays

good cop

Beginners 25wpm CW Tuesday 30th Mar 2021

We were joined by three stalwarts in the form of Dave, G0ELJ, Paul M1AFQ and David M7BLX who all did a good job with a practice session of 40 abbreviations and two sizeable QSO segments.

Sometimes progress can seem to be slow, but there are many instances of CW skills appearing to plateau and in all cases this soon passes and without realising it ‘a little and often’ pays off. So to anyone who thinks its all happening too slowly, don’t feel that what you do find time to do is wasted effort, it does count.

Just keep on keeping on… thats all there is to it!

Until next week,
73 de Jim

Morse with Anubis - Tuesdays 1000 on 145.250MHz. Thursdays on GB3NB 1000 local time.

GB2CW Report 01-04-21

There was a good attendance for the two GB2CW classes this week.
On Tuesday we had G4LPP, G4TUK, 2E0FHF, G0OOR, and G4PNF.
On Thursday we had G4LPP, 2E0FHF, G0OOR, and G4PNF.

A variety of material was transmitted. On Tuesday we sent some mixed groups, which are some of the harder things to recieve. However these were actually radio and TV valve numbers, remember them? They are still used in linear amplifiers and the older transcievers. Followed up with QSO format, for practice at the QSOs were all aiming to hold.

Thurdsay had a plain language section, followed by CQ calls. With the callsigns repeated three times, this was an opportunity to increase the sending speed. Followed by callsign pairs, where you just get each callsign once. Finishing off with some fast number groups, up to 30wpm. Good practice for all, and particularly for contesters.

Depending on the material being sent, speeds varied between 22 to 30 wpm.

Great results from everyone on the sessions, why not give it a try?


Speeds and accuracy are increasing all the time, but remember that speeds will be adjusted to suit those present, so please join in if you can.


Class times for Morse with Anubis are

Tuesday 10am - 11am 145.250 mhz FM simplex
Thursday 10am - 11am GB3NB repeater

73 de Chris G4CCX



Morse with Doctor Phil.

Report from GB2CW beginners class, Friday evenings at 8pm on 145.250MHz.

This Friday saw Week 22 of the Friday evening beginners CW class. There were three attendees all called Dave! G0ELJ, 2E0DBS and in his second week in the group M7BLX. Dave M7 BLX came to the group as a beginner having been studying at home with LCWO an online course. He is already quite advanced enabling the group to continue at a good pace. We ran with Character speed 20 and word speed 14 to 16 wpm with good results.

Exercises included numbers with punctuation, Letter groups, some QSO format pieces, short sentences and QRA locators.

Results were very promising showing good practice is being done.

As this class is meant for raw beginners I will happily slow speeds and use suitable formats to accommodate raw beginners if they call in so don’t be put off by the speeds the others have currently reached!


The next class will be on 145.250MHz at 8pm on Friday April 2nd followed immediately afterwards by the contest net at 9pm on the same frequency.


73 and hope to hear you there, Phil G4LPP / GB2CW.


Phil's email address: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Email him if you wish to join in.
By the way, Phil is a GOOD cop, so you will be treated kindly!

Report from the Executive Club, Malcolm G3PDH - Thursdays GB3NB 2000 local time.

The Ultimate aim for all CW OPS
On Thursday 1st April the higher speed session was initially joined by Paul, M1AFQ, Phil G4LPP and Chris G4CCX. Later on Les G0DFC also called in for the last few passages.
Despite the 1st April theme the only trick was to send some passages at a slightly faster speed than advised. However they still generally coped well enough taking it down on their keyboards in Phil and Chris’s case and paper copy for Paul and Les. Speeds ranged from 28 to 30wpm and included plain language, call signs, 5 letter groups, QSO format and ending with 5 figure groups.


Sent from my iPad


Malcolm G3PDH


.cw ops logo

The CWOPS CWT activity periods are still as popular as ever.
With the time change for BST, the CWT periods are now 1 hour later than we have been used to over the winter. The 1300 session had poor propagation but there were 10 locals taking part. the 1900 hour saw 11 locals with some of us watching NARC at the same time. The 0300 session was understandably down with just five stations.

If you aspire to join CW OPS, prove your worth with a few >20wpm QSOs, chatty ones, and you can get in! It is a lot of fun operating in the CWTs, and terrific practice too.
The link below is to FAV22. THis is a military station on 3881.00kHz and runs at varying speeds with groups of letters, numbers, punctuation and procedural signals. It is on 24/7 so take a look It is well worth the practice.
Another freq to check is 6.825MHz.
If you look up this link in Google Chrome, it will translate into English for you.

Email me with input, queries, keys, paddles, classes and so on. Hopefully I can help or know a man that can!
73 de Roger, G3LDI GB2CW Coordinator. May the Morse be with you.




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NARC Training 2020

Amateur Radio Training with NARC

Training is very important to NARC because we realise this is how new people come into the hobby and attain their Foundation, Intermediate and Advance Amateur Radio licenses.
We are pleased to offer courses which are based on demand and our programme of other events and activities. To register your interest for a course and exam please email your name and contact details, together with which level of training course you are waiting for,  to the Club Exam Secretary David Palmer G7URP: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Club meetings


During the current Covid-19 pandemic when the club cannot physically meet, the club now broadcasts its own magazine show NARC Live! every Wednesday with news, features and guests.
It is streamed online live from 19.30 BST at the following places:

• Facebook Live:

• BATC Streaming service:

The club meets virtually every Wednesday throughout the year in the sixth form centre of the City of Norwich School, Eaton Road, Norwich, NR4 6PP from 1900-2130.

We welcome anyone of any age, gender or ability and who enjoys experimenting with radio and electronics to come and meet us and see what we do in our hobby.

Please see above ONLINE tab for details of the club programme and below this piece for contacts of club official.

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